A New Stoicism

By Lawrence C. Becker

What could stoic ethics be like at the present time if stoicism had survived as a scientific method of moral concept, if it had coped effectively with the demanding situations of recent philosophy and experimental technological know-how? A New Stoicism proposes a solution to that question, provided from in the stoic culture yet with out the metaphysical and mental assumptions that smooth philosophy and technological know-how have deserted. Lawrence Becker argues secular model of the stoic moral venture, in line with modern cosmology and developmental psychology, offers the foundation for a classy kind of moral naturalism, during which nearly all of the demanding doctrines of the traditional Stoics could be truly restated and defended.

Becker argues, in accordance with the ancients, that advantage is something, now not many; that it, and never happiness, is the correct finish of all job; that it by myself is sweet, all different issues being in basic terms rank-ordered relative to one another for the sake of the great; and that advantage is adequate for happiness. furthermore, he rejects the preferred cartoon of the stoic as a grave determine, emotionally indifferent and able more often than not of patience, resignation, and dealing with discomfort. on the contrary, he holds that whereas stoic sages may be able to undergo the extremes of human anguish, they don't have to sacrifice pleasure to have that skill, and he seeks to show our awareness from the standard, healing a part of stoic ethical education to a reconsideration of its theoretical foundations.

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The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else

"The hour of capitalism's maximum triumph," writes Hernando de Soto, "is, within the eyes of four-fifths of humanity, its hour of crisis." within the secret of Capital, the world-famous Peruvian economist takes up the query that, greater than the other, is vital to 1 of the main an important difficulties the realm faces this present day: Why do a little international locations be triumphant at capitalism whereas others fail?In powerful competition to the preferred view that luck will depend on cultural ameliorations, de Soto unearths that it really has every thing to do with the criminal constitution of estate and estate rights. each built state on the earth at one time went in the course of the transformation from predominantly casual, extralegal possession to a proper, unified criminal estate method. within the West we've got forgotten that growing the program can also be what allowed humans in all places to leverage estate into wealth. This persuasive e-book will revolutionize our realizing of capital and element how you can an immense transformation of the area economy.

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Énigmes et complots: Une enquête à propos d'enquêtes

By Luc Boltanski

Pourquoi, au tournant des XIXe et XXe siècles, observe-t-on journey à journey : le développement du roman policier, dont le coeur est l'enquête, et du roman d'espionnage, qui a pour sujet le complot ; l'invention, par l. a. psychiatrie, de l. a. paranoïa, dont l'un des symptômes principaux est l. a. tendance à entreprendre des enquêtes interminables, prolongées jusqu'au délire ; l'orientation nouvelle de los angeles technological know-how politique qui, se saisissant de l. a. problématique de los angeles paranoïa, l. a. déplace du plan psychique sur le plan social et prend pour objet l'explication des événements historiques par les " théories du complot " ; l. a. sociologie, enfin, qui se dote de formes spécifiques de causalité - dites sociales -, pour détermine les entités, individuelles ou collectives, auxquelles peuvent être attribués les événements qui ponctuent l. a. vie des personnes, celle des groupes, ou encore le cours de l'histoire ? l. a. raison en est l. a. conjoncture nouvelle que créent de profonds changements dans l. a. façon dont est instaurée l. a. réalité sociale. C'est à l'Etat-nation, tel qu'il se développe à l. a. fin du XIX° siècle, que l'on doit le projet d'organiser et d'unifier l. a. réalité pour une inhabitants et sur un territoire. Mais ce projet, proprement démiurgique, se heurte à une pluralité d'obstacles parmi lesquels le développement du capitalisme, qui se joue des frontières nationales, occupe une position centrale. Ainsi los angeles determine du complot focalise des soupçons qui concernent l'exercice du pouvoir : où se trouve réellement le pouvoir et qui le détient, en réalité ? Les autorités étatiques, qui sont censées en assumer los angeles cost, ou d'autres circumstances, agissant dans l'ombre, banquiers, anarchistes, sociétés secrètes, classe dominante, and so forth. ? Ainsi s'échafaudent des ontologies politiques qui tablent sur une réalité doublement distribuée : à une réalité officielle, mais de floor et sans doute illusoire, s'oppose une réalité profonde, cachée, menaçante, officieuse, mais bien plus réelle. Roman policier et roman d'espionnage, paranoïa et sociologie - innovations à peu près concomitantes - sont solidaires d'une façon nouvelle de problématiser los angeles réalité et de travailler les contradictions qui l'habitent. Les aventures du conflit entre ces deux réalités - réalité de floor contre réalité réelle- constitue le fil directeur de l'ouvrage.

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The World Is Fat: The Fads, Trends, Policies, and Products That Are Fatteningthe Human Race

A compelling examine the worldwide tendencies that experience ended in state-of-the-art weight problems obstacle

The planet's 1.6 billion obese humans by means of some distance outnumber the seven-hundred million who're undernourished. This determine may have appeared ludicrous simply fifty years in the past. because of remarkable tendencies in know-how, globalization, govt coverage, and the foodstuff which are altering how we devour, drink, and circulate, we now reside in an international populated by way of obese individuals with debilitating illnesses.

during this interesting examine the notable alterations in either our life and nutrition process due to the fact that international struggle II, Barry Popkin indicates how current innovations for consuming and ingesting- specifically whilst mixed with a dramatic aid in actual activity-are clashing with hundreds of thousands of years of evolution to fatten the human race. Popkin argues that common obesity-and the power illnesses that give a contribution to the majority of deaths within the world-is much less as a result of terrible nutritional offerings than a few hi-tech, interconnected international within which governments and multinational organisations have impressive strength to form our daily lives.

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Concept and Form, Volume 2: Interviews and essays on Cahiers pour l'Analyse

Concept and shape is a two-volume monument to the paintings of the philosophy magazine the Cahiers pour l’Analyse (1966–69), the main formidable and radical collective venture to emerge from French structuralism. encouraged via their lecturers Louis Althusser and Jacques Lacan, the editors of the Cahiers sought to sever philosophy from the translation of given meanings or reviews, focusing in its place at the mechanisms that constitution particular configurations of discourse, from the mental and ideological to the literary, clinical, and political. sufficient research of the operations at paintings in those configurations, they argue, is helping arrange the way in which for his or her progressive transformation.

Volume one in every of suggestion and shape interprets probably the most vital theoretical texts from the Cahiers pour l’Analyse; this moment quantity collects newly commissioned essays at the magazine, including fresh interviews with those that have been both individuals of its editorial board or linked to its broader theoretical undertaking. It goals to aid reconstruct the highbrow context of the Cahiers, and to evaluate its modern theoretical legacy. Prefaced through an outline of the project’s rigorous funding in technology and conceptual research, the quantity considers specifically the Cahiers’ distinctive attempt to hyperlink the it seems that incommensurable different types of ‘structure’ and ‘subject’, with a view to organize for a brand new synthesis of Marxism and psychoanalysis.Contributors contain Alain Badiou, Étienne Balibar, Edward Baring, Jacques Bouveresse, Yves Duroux, Alain Grosrichard, Peter Hallward, Adrian Johnston, Patrice Maniglier, Tracy McNulty, Jean-Claude Milner, Knox Peden, Jacques Rancière, François Regnault, and Slavoj Žižek.

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Complexity: A Guided Tour

By Melanie Mitchell

What permits separately basic bugs like ants to behave with such precision and goal as a bunch? How do trillions of neurons produce whatever as terribly advanced as awareness? during this remarkably transparent and companionable ebook, best complicated platforms scientist Melanie Mitchell offers an intimate travel of the sciences of complexity, a vast set of efforts that search to provide an explanation for how large-scale complicated, equipped, and adaptive habit can emerge from easy interactions between myriad contributors. in keeping with her paintings on the Santa Fe Institute and drawing on its interdisciplinary suggestions, Mitchell brings readability to the workings of complexity throughout a vast variety of organic, technological, and social phenomena, searching out the final rules or legislation that practice to them all. Richly illustrated, Complexity: A Guided Tour--winner of the 2010 Phi Beta Kappa publication Award in Science--offers a wide-ranging evaluation of the tips underlying advanced platforms technology, the present examine on the leading edge of this box, and the customers for its contribution to fixing probably the most vital clinical questions of our time.

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Gender and Private Security in Global Politics (Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations)

By Maya Eichler

For 2 hundred years the supply of army safety has been a principal and defining functionality of the trendy countryside. The expanding reliance on deepest army and safeguard businesses in modern clash marks a basic transformation within the association of army violence, and it increases problems with responsibility and ethics which are of specific main issue to feminists. This privatization of strength not just allows states to avoid citizens' democratic regulate over questions of struggle and peace, but additionally undermines women's and minority groups' claims for larger inclusion within the army sphere.

Gender and personal safeguard in international Politics brings jointly key students from the fields of diplomacy, protection reviews, and gender experiences to argue that privatization of army safeguard is a deeply gendered procedure. The chapters hire quite a few feminist views, together with severe, postcolonial, poststructuralist, and queer feminist views, in addition to a variety of methodological methods together with ethnography, participant-observation, family tree, and discourse research. this can be the 1st e-book to improve a longer feminist research of non-public militaries and to attract on feminist issues relating to strength, justice and equality to contemplate how you can reform and control deepest forces.

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A Theory of Nonviolent Action: How Civil Resistance Works

By Stellan Vinthagen

In this ground-breaking and much-needed e-book, Stellan Vinthagen presents the 1st significant systematic try and strengthen a idea of nonviolent motion due to the fact Gene Sharp's seminal The Politics of Nonviolent Action in 1973.
utilising a wealthy choice of historic and modern social hobbies from a number of elements of the area as examples—from the civil rights circulate in the USA to anti-Apartheid protestors in South Africa to Gandhi and his fans in India—and addressing center theoretical concerns touching on nonviolent motion in an leading edge, penetrating approach, Vinthagen argues for a repertoire of nonviolence that mixes resistance and development. opposite to previous examine, this repertoire—consisting of discussion facilitation, normative legislation, strength breaking and utopian enactment—is proven to be either multidimensional and contradictory, growing tough contradictions inside of nonviolence, whereas concurrently supplying its artistic and transformative force.

a tremendous contribution to the field, A conception of Nonviolent Action is crucial for a person concerned with nonviolent motion who desires to take into consideration what they're doing.

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